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Gynaecomastia, excision of a gland in male breast
Gynaecomastia – is the benign enlargement of breast tissue in males resulting from a proliferation of the glandular component of the breast. Gynaecomastia may be instigated by an excessive level of female hormone – oestrogen, weight gain, pathological disorders of the body (testes, thyroid, liver or kidney functioning disorders), tumours, some certain drug use, and other causes. According to statistical data, about 40% of men have a certain degree of gynaecomastia. Plastic gynaecomastia surgery is usually performed to reduce physical discomfort and improve physical activity. Enlarge breasts for men can be painful, usually resulting in social and psychological discomfort. However, if a man wishes, just an aesthetic operation can be performed. A man, who is considering the possibility of gynaecomastia surgery, should firstly consult with a plastic surgeon. Equal understanding of expected post-surgery results by a patient and plastic surgeon is important in order to achieve the optimum results of the surgery. Therefore a patient has to express frankly his expectations about a better appearance and self-feeling after surgery. At the first visit the plastic surgeon should explain to you the specific details of your case, surgical technique and anaesthesia to be used, as well as the places for surgery and possible results, risks and complications.
Usually gynaecomastia is not dangerous physically, however it leads to a physical discomfort and lack of self-confidence. Neither sports not diets can help, because it is not necessarily caused by fat surplus. Gynaecomastia, a medical term for male breasts similar to female breasts, may appear at any age: puberty and older. It leads to a psychological suffering and frequently undermines the dignity and ago of a man.
- Tests: Just like before any surgery certain blood and urine tests have to be done.
- Surgery: Gynaecomastia is a surgical procedure for removal of male glandular breast tissue. The scope of the surgery depends on the changes desired by a patient and decision and plastic surgeon’s decision. Gynaecomastia procedure is performed under general anaesthesia. Incisions are made around areola. Glandular breast tissue is removed from breast sides and around areola. The incisions are closed up. If breast enlargement was caused by fatty tissues, then liposuction is also performed.
- Duration of the surgery: 1-3 hours
- Anaesthesia: the surgery is performed using general anaesthesia
- Post-surgery period: After the surgery, the patient will have to wear a special pressure garment. Post-surgery pain can be easily relieved by medications. Usually, pain lasts one or two days. Sutures are removed several days after the surgery. The nipples may be insensitive for a certain period of time after gynaecomastia surgery, but in most cases this phenomenon disappears after a certain period of time. Although men recover in one or two days after surgery, but the doctor will advise you, how to return to ordinary routine. In order to ensure better healing, you should avoid excessive physical activity, and follow any other instructions given by the doctor.
- Complications: Every year thousands of successful gynaecomastia surgeries are done. Nevertheless, a patient should be aware of possible risks and complications of gynaecomastia surgery. The most frequent risks and complications of gynaecomastia surgery are: haemorrhage, seroma or hematoma formation, accumulation of fluid, nipple insensitivity, scarring. After surgery, other complications, inherent in any surgical operation, may also occur. The risk of complications can be reduced by strict adherence to doctor’s instructions on post-surgery care.
- Scars: Although a plastic surgeon will do his best to make the scars visible as less as possible, however they cannot be avoided. A scar always remains in the incision place. In most cases scars gradually vanish until they become barely noticeable.
- Socially presentable: you will be able to return to your work in one week, in addition you will be advised to wear a special corset for 4-6 weeks.
- Important: Gynaecomastia surgery can not be performed if you have an infection of viral or bacterial origin. Gynaecomastia surgery is applied to men, who have an enlarged breasts, recommended over 18 only.
- Cost of the surgery:
See also the pricelist.